Status epilepticus in infancy and childhood

F. Vigevano, M. DiCapua, L. Fusco

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In the last 7 years we have observed 84 children in Status Epilepticus (SE) 49 of whom were males and 35 females, with an age ranging from 30 days to 13 years. Thirty-five cases presented an acute encephalopathy of infectious, vascular or metabolic origin; 38 had already been affected in the past by damage of the central nervous system; 11 patients were considered as cryptogenic. No tumoral etiology was found. Eighty-two per cent of cases showed a partial SE and 18% showed generalized SE. Non-alternating unilateral SE was the most frequent. Five children died. Neurological sequelae were observed in 18 children. All the children that died or that showed a neurological disorder had been affected by an acute encephalopathy, with the exception of 2 cases of Sturge-Weber syndrome. We have not observed any case of HH or HHE syndrome. Erratic, unilateral alternating or somatomotor SE had the worst outcome; partial complex SE corresponded to the best prognosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-112
Number of pages12
JournalRivista di Neuroscienze Pediatriche
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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