Stem cell factor improvement of proliferation and maintenance of hemopoietic progenitors in myelodysplastic syndromes

Wanda Piacibello, Fiorella Sanavio, Paola Bresso, Antonella Severino, Nadia Carlesso, Patrizia Pregno, Alessandra Stacchini, Silvia Morelli, Lidia Fubini, Eugenio Gallo, Massimo Aglietta, Dario Ferrero

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Abstract

Human recombinant stem cell factor (rSCF) was tested for its capability of improving the defective growth of hemopoietic progenitors in 28 cases of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). In vitro growth and response to rSCF were quite variable. However, in most cases, rSCF stimulated CFU-GM growth induced by rG-CSF, rGM-CSF, rIL-3, 5637 conditioned medium (50-1400% enhancement). rSCF effect was slightly more evident on day 14 CFU-GM and in the presence of rIL-3. BFU-E growth induced by rEPO or rIL-3+rEPO was enhanced by rSCF in about 50% of cases, in linear correlation with the levels of patients' hemoglobin. rSCF did not increase CFU-E growth, whereas it slightly stimulated CFU-Mk in 33% of the cases. EPO, SCF and, particularly, their combination, enhanced the recovery of normal CFU-E and BFU-E after 7 days of liquid culture. This was less evident in cultures of MDS patients. Conversely, CFU-GM generation in long term liquid cultures, although highly variable, was stimulated by rSCF and, above all, by rSCF+rG-CSF, similarly to what was observed with normal bone marrow samples. SCF seems to enhance in vitro erythropoiesis only in MDS cases presenting without severe anemia. It has little effect on megakaryocytopoiesis, while it seems to be more active on CFU-GM growth and maintenance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)250-257
Number of pages8
JournalLeukemia
Volume8
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Hematology

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    Piacibello, W., Sanavio, F., Bresso, P., Severino, A., Carlesso, N., Pregno, P., Stacchini, A., Morelli, S., Fubini, L., Gallo, E., Aglietta, M., & Ferrero, D. (1994). Stem cell factor improvement of proliferation and maintenance of hemopoietic progenitors in myelodysplastic syndromes. Leukemia, 8(2), 250-257.