Stem Cells: Their Role in Breast Cancer Development and Resistance to Treatment

A. Nicolini, P. Ferrari, M. Fini, V. Borsari, P. Fallahi, A. Antonelli, P. Berti, A. Carpi, P. Miccoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

About 20% of the total cells from primary breast tumors could generate palpable tumors in non-obese diabetic severe combined immunodeficient (NOD/SCID) immunocompromised mice. All the tumorigenic cells originate from a normal mammary stem cell. Human mammary stem cells are sensitive to oncogenic mutations and in mouse models they share similarities with breast cancer stem cells (BrCSCs). Tumorigenicity, invasion, progression and metastasization are further BrCSCs properties likely depending on their CD44+/CD24- phenotype. Local invasion and tumor metastasization seem to be facilitated by the epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) program. This program may be reactivated from stable genetic alterations or through exposure of cancer cells to factors present in the surrounding micro-environment, or by an up-regulation of EMT-inducing transcription factors. One main explanation for resistance to treatment by cancer cells is that a rare subpopulation of cells in residual tumors with tumorigenic potential is intrinsically resistant to therapy. Consistent with this hypothesis, in human breast tumors, the subpopulation of tumor-initiating cancer cells with CD44high/CD24low cell surface-marker profile was found more resistant to cancer therapies (chemo, hormone and radiotherapy) than is the major population of more differentiated breast cancer cells. The reasons for CSC resistance to chemotherapy, hormonetherapy and radiotherapy also have been examined and they opened new scenarios for cancer therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)196-205
Number of pages10
JournalCurrent Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
Volume12
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Cancer stem cells
  • Chemotherapy
  • Hormonetherapy
  • Radiotherapy
  • Resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Biotechnology

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  • Cite this

    Nicolini, A., Ferrari, P., Fini, M., Borsari, V., Fallahi, P., Antonelli, A., Berti, P., Carpi, A., & Miccoli, P. (2011). Stem Cells: Their Role in Breast Cancer Development and Resistance to Treatment. Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, 12(2), 196-205.