Stemness and Osteogenic and Adipogenic Potential are Differently Impaired in Subcutaneous and Visceral Adipose Derived Stem Cells (ASCs) Isolated from Obese Donors

L. De Girolamo, D. Stanco, L. Salvatori, G. Coroniti, E. Arrigoni, G. Silecchia, M. A. Russo, S. Niada, E. Petrangeli, A. T. Brini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Today adipose tissue is not just considered as the primary energy storage organ, but it is also recognized as an important endocrine tissue and an abundant source of mesenchymal stem cells (adipose-derived stem cells, ASCs). During the last decade, several studies have provided preclinical data on the safety and efficacy of ASCs, supporting their use in cell-based therapy for regenerative medicine purposes. Little is known about the effect of obesity on ASCs properties. Since ASCs differentiation and proliferation are determined by their niche, the differences in body fat distribution and the obesity-related co-morbidities may have several consequences. In this study we compared ASCs of subcutaneous adipose tissue from obese (obS-ASCs) and non-obese (nS-ASCs) donors in order to compare their immunophenotype and osteogenic and adipogenic potential. Moreover, in order to evaluate the possible difference between subcutaneous and visceral fat, obS-ASCs were also compared to ASCs derived from visceral adipose tissue of the same obese donors (obV-ASCs). Our results show that subcutaneous and visceral ASCs derived from obese donors have an impaired cell proliferation, clonogenic ability and immunophenotype. Nevertheless, obS-ASCs are able to differentiate toward osteogenic and adipogenic lineages, although to a small extent with respect to non-obese donors, whereas obV-ASCs lose most of their stem cell characteristics, including multi-differentiation potential. Taken together our findings confirm that not all ASCs present the same behavior, most likely due to their biological microenvironment in vivo. The specific stimuli which can play a key role in ASCs impairment, including the effects of the obesity-related inflammation, should be further investigated to have a complete picture of the phenomenon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-21
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Volume26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2013

Keywords

  • adipogenic differentiation
  • Adipose-derived stem cells
  • obesity
  • osteogenic differentiation
  • stem cell properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy

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