Stenting for caustic strictures: Esophageal replacement replaced

F. De Peppo, A. Zaccara, L. Dall'oglio, G. Federici Di Abriola, A. Ponticelli, P. Marchetti, M. C. Lucchetti, M. Rivosecchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Methods: From 1983 to 1996, 31 children with caustic esophageal strictures were seen at Bambino Gesu Children's Hospital; they were all treated conservatively except for two cases complicated by tracheoesophageal fistula. The remaining 29 patients were divided into three groups depending on the treatment, which was modified over the years. Group A (1983 to 1987) consisted of seven patients treated by periodic dilatations; group B (1988 to 1992) consisted of 10 children treated by 40 days of esophageal stenting plus dexamethasone, 0.5 mg/kg/d plus ranitidine plus no oral feeding for 7 to 10 days; group C (1993 to 1996) consisted of 12 cases treated by 40 days of esophageal stenting plus dexamethasone, 1 mg/kg/d plus omeprazole plus early oral feeding resumption. Results: No differences were observed between the three groups of patients with regard to the mean age and to the ingested substance, whereas a significant difference (P = .007) was observed in the mean length of the stricture between group A and C (3.4 ± 1.3 and 5.6 ± 1.6 cm, respectively). In all but one of the patients (96.5%) complete healing of the stenosis was achieved by conservative treatment, with definitive relief of dysphagia. One patient in group C did not improve after a repeated stenting procedure and was surgically treated. However, in group A, resolution of the stricture was obtained after an average of 19.9 ± 14.8 dilatations in a mean period of 25.3 ± 17.2 months. In group B, a mean of 12 ± 11.3 dilatations were required in a mean period of treatment of 14.1 ± 10.6 months. In patients in group C, a mean of 3.5 ± 3.2 dilatations were necessary in a mean of 5.8 ± 4.8 months. A statistically significant difference was observed both with regard to the number of dilatations and to the duration of treatment, between group A and group C (P = .002) and group B and C (P = .03). Conclusion: Esophageal replacement should be considered only in cases complicated by tracheoesophageal fistula or in the rare patients who do not respond to repeated esophageal stenting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-57
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1998

Keywords

  • Caustic ingestion
  • Esophageal stenting
  • Esophageal stricture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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