Stepwise increase of angiopoietin-2 serum levels is related to haemodynamic and functional impairment in stable chronic heart failure

Ermanno Eleuteri, Antonino Di Stefano, Franco Tarro Genta, Chiara Vicari, Isabella Gnemmi, Marilena Colombo, Alessandro Mezzani, Pantaleo Giannuzzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Background: A reciprocal link between inflammation, oxidative/nitrosative stress, and endothelial dysfunction has been postulated in chronic heart failure (CHF). The endothelial repair mechanisms involved remain to be determined. Our aim was to investigate whether there are detectable signs of ongoing angiogenesis in serum of CHF patients and to evaluate the correlation with indexes of haemodynamic and functional impairment. Methods and results: Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay tests were used to quantify angiogenin, angiopoietin-1, angiopoietin-2, vascular endothelial growth factor, Tie-2, and brain natriuretic peptide in serum of 87 patients with CHF of increasing severity according to New York Heart Association (NYHA; class I, n=8; II, n=45; and III, n=34) and in 14 healthy subjects matched for age and sex. Angiogenin, angiopoietin-2, and Tie-2 were significantly increased in CHF of increasing severity (Kruskal-Wallis: p=0.0004, p2max; r=-0.57, p=0.0002), and deceleration time (r=-0.61, p2max (p=0.018). The angiopoietin-2 area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for CHF diagnosis was 0.94 (95% CI 0.88-0.99; p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)607-614
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011



  • Endothelial dysfunction
  • Inflammation
  • Oxidative stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Epidemiology

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