Objectives: To report outcomes of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients with oligoprogression (≤ 5 metastases) during first-line treatment with androgen receptor-targeted therapy (ARTT). Patients and methods: Retrospective multi-institutional analysis of mCRPC patients treated with SBRT to oligoprogressive lesions during ARTT. End-points were time to next-line systemic treatment (NEST), radiological progression-free survival (r-PFS) and overall survival (OS). Toxicity was registered according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v4.0. Survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan–Meier method, univariate and multivariate analysis (MVA) were performed. Results: Data from 34 patients were analyzed. Median NEST-free survival, r-PFS, and OS were 16.97, 13.47, and 38.3 months, respectively. At MVA, factors associated with worse NEST-free survival and r-PFS were polymetastatic burden at diagnosis of metastatic hormone-sensitive disease (hazard ratio [HR] 3.66, p = 0.009; HR 3.03, p = 0.034), PSA ≤ 7 ng/ml at mCRPC diagnosis (HR 0.23, p = 0.017; HR 0.19, p = 0.006) and PSADT ≤ 3 months at mCRPC diagnosis (HR 3.39, p = 0.026; HR 2.79, p = 0.037). Polymetastatic state at mHSPC diagnosis was associated with a decreased OS (HR 4.68, p = 0.029). No patient developed acute or late grade ≥ 2 toxicity. Conclusion: Our results suggest that SBRT in oligoprogressive mCPRC is safe, effective and seems to prolong the efficacy of the ongoing systemic treatment positively affecting disease progression. Prospective trials are needed.
- Androgen receptor-targeted therapy
- Metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer
- NEST-free survival
- Stereotactic body radiotherapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research