Stereotactic body radiotherapy for castration-sensitive prostate cancer bone oligometastases

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Abstract

To evaluate outcome in patients treated with stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) on bone oligometastases from castration-sensitive prostate cancer after primary treatment. We retrospectively collected data of patients with less than five lesions at time of SBRT and hormone-naïve disease at the first extra-regional localization, treated between 03/2012 and 11/2016. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) was measured every 3 months after SBRT. Imaging was performed in case of progression. Survival analysis was performed with Kaplan–Meier (log-rank test) approach. Fifty-five patients were treated on 77 bone oligometastases. Median age, initial PSA and pre-SBRT PSA were 72 years, 9.12 and 3.5 ng/mL, respectively. Twenty-five patients (45%) received SBRT alone while the remaining 30 patients (55%) received concomitant ADT. Median follow-up was 24.6 months (range 3.0–67.2 months). No acute or late toxicity of grade > 1 was reported. Clinical progression was observed in 38 (69%) patients. 1-year biochemical progression-free survival (b-PFS), clinical progression-free survival (c-PFS), prostate-specific survival (PCSS) and local control (LC) rates were 51, 56, 100 and 83%, respectively. Comparing patients treated with SBRT alone and with concomitant ADT, no significant differences were found for those outcomes. SBRT is safe and allows high 1-year LC rate (83%) with low toxicity profile. No significant improvement in outcomes was registered with the addition of ADT to SBRT.

Original languageEnglish
Article number75
JournalMedical Oncology
Volume35
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2018

Keywords

  • Androgen deprivation therapy
  • Bone metastases
  • Castration-sensitive prostate cancer
  • Oligometastases
  • Prostate cancer
  • Stereotactic body radiotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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