Steroids in intestinal transplantation

A. Dazzi, Augusto Lauro, C. Zanfi, G. Ercolani, M. Vivarelli, G. L. Grazi, M. Cescon, M. Di Simone, A. D'errico, T. Lazzarotto, S. Faenza, L. Pironi, A. D. Pinna

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Abstract

Background: Recently, new immunosuppressive protocols after intestinal transplantation have been proposed to avoid steroids use and their adverse effects. We evaluated the impact of steroids on survival and post-transplant complications in our experience. Patient and methods: In our retrospective study we considered the mean daily dosage of steroids received by 25 patients after intestinal/ multivisceral transplantation (minimal follow-up was six months). We analyzed graft and patient survival rates, correlation with rejection and infectious episodes and steroids side effects. Results: After a mean follow-up of three yr, we did not find any significant difference in steroid doses between our immunosuppressive protocols. Patients with a mean dosage of prednisone higher than 20 mg/d experienced a lower graft (p = 0.009) and patient (p = 0.02) survival rate. The side effects of steroids after transplant were similar. Infections were more frequent during steroids administration (p = 0.04). Discussion and conclusion: Steroids therapy may be useful to treat acute rejection, but in our experience high steroids regimen did not improve graft and patient survival, increasing infectious rate. We assumed that high dose of steroids can be avoided as maintenance therapy, except in selected cases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-268
Number of pages4
JournalClinical Transplantation
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2007

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Keywords

  • Immunosuppression
  • Intestinal transplantation
  • Steroids therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation
  • Immunology

Cite this

Dazzi, A., Lauro, A., Zanfi, C., Ercolani, G., Vivarelli, M., Grazi, G. L., Cescon, M., Di Simone, M., D'errico, A., Lazzarotto, T., Faenza, S., Pironi, L., & Pinna, A. D. (2007). Steroids in intestinal transplantation. Clinical Transplantation, 21(2), 265-268. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-0012.2006.00637.x