Purpose Suppressors of cytokine signalling (SOCS) are induced by interleukins and peptide hormones. These molecules prevent the activation of diverse signalling pathways in benign and malignant cells. In previous studies, we showed that SOCS-3 is expressed in most prostate cancer cell lines and tissue specimens. In the present study we investigated the effects of androgen on the regulation of SOCS-3 in prostate cancer cell lines. Materials and Methods SOCS-3 expression was determined with PCR and Western blot techniques. The activity of the SOCS-3 promoter was measured with the luciferase test. We measured proliferation with 3H-thymidine assay. Results: We show that androgen induces the expression of SOCS-3 in two prostate cancer cell lines. The non-steroidal anti-androgen bicaluta- mide is able to block the induction of SOCS-3 expression. Androgenic hormones did not induce the expression of SOCS-3 mRNA or its promoter activity. In LNCaP-IL-6- cells transfected with the inducible Tet-On construct SOCS-3 expression was induced. The effects of androgenic hormones on the proliferation and induction of PSA were diminished in the presence of SOCS-3. Conclusions Our results show that androgenic regulation of SOCS-3 leads to inhibition of proliferation and secretion in human prostate cancer.
- Prostate cancer
- Prostate-specific antigen
- Suppressor of cytokine signalling
ASJC Scopus subject areas