In the present work, we studied the effects of the stimulation of the chemokine CXC receptor 4 (CXCR4) by the stromal-derived cell growth factor-1α (SDF-1α) on the evoked excitatory postsynaptic current. This was generated in Purkinje neurons (PN) from mouse cerebellar slices by the stimulation of parallel fibers. It was found that the amplitude of EPSC was reversibly reduced by SDF-1α application. This effect was dose-dependent (IC50=0.34 nM) and was abolished by the anti-CXCR4 monoclonal antibody (mAb) 12G5. This SDF-1α-induced synaptic depression was caused by a decrease of evoked glutamate release, rather than a decrease in the postsynaptic glutamate receptor (GluR) sensitivity, as the mean amplitude of the spontaneous EPSCs was not influenced by chemokine application. Moreover, NMDA receptors (NMDARs) are involved in EPSC depression being inhibited by the NMDAR blocker 2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid (AP-5). The mechanisms by which SDF-1α modulates neurotransmission in the cerebellar cortex are discussed.
- Excitatory postsynaptic current
- Granule cell
- Stromal-derived cell growth factor-1α
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Clinical Neurology