Phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K) is a major player in platelet activation and regulates thrombus formation and stabilization. The β isoform of PI3K is implicated in integrin αIIbβ3 outside-in signaling, is required for the phosphorylation of Akt, and controls efficient platelet spreading upon adhesion to fibrinogen. In this study we found that during integrin αIIbβ3 outside-in signaling PI3Kβ-dependent phosphorylation of Akt on Serine473 is mediated by the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 2 (mTORC2). The activity of mTORC2 is stimulated upon platelet adhesion to fibrinogen, as documented by increased autophosphorylation. However, mTORC2 activation downstream of integrin αIIbβ3 is PI3Kβ-independent. Inhibition of mTORC2, but not mTORC1, also prevents Akt phosphorylation of Threonine308 and affects Akt activity, resulting in the inhibition of GSK3α/β phosphorylation. Nevertheless, mTORC2 or Akt inhibition does not alter PI3Kβ-dependent platelet spreading on fibrinogen. The activation of the small GTPase Rap1b downstream of integrin αIIbβ3 is regulated by PI3Kβ but is not affected upon inhibition of either mTORC2 or Akt. Altogether, these results demonstrate for the first time the activation of mTORC2 and its involvement in Akt phosphorylation and stimulation during integrin αIIbβ3 outside-in signaling. Moreover, the results demonstrate that the mTORC2/Akt pathway is dispensable for PI3Kβ-regulated platelet spreading on fibrinogen.
- platelet spreading
ASJC Scopus subject areas