Strategies for cost-containment: Once-daily ceftriaxone plus amikacin as empiric therapy for febrile granulocytopenic children with cancer

Elio Castagnola, E. Lanino, R. Giacchino, C. Viscoli, G. Dini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Administration of broad-spectrum antibiotics as empiric therapy to febrile granulocytopenic patients has become a widely accepted practice. In order to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of ceftriaxone plus amikacin in single daily doses as empiric treatment for febrile granulocytopenic children with cancer, a retrospective review (January-December 1996) of all febrile episodes at our institution was carried out. Overall, 101 febrile episodes in 89 granulocytopenic children with cancer were empirically treated with a once-daily ceftriaxone plus amikacin combination. 59/101 (59%) patients had absolute granulocyte count lower than 100/mm3 at entry; 46 (45%) were affected by solid tumors, 16 (15%) by Hodgkin's disease or lymphoma, and 30 (30%) patients underwent bone marrow transplantation. The ceftriaxone plus amikacin combination was effective in 72/101 (72%) patients with a median time to defervescence of 3 days (range, 1-4). We also evaluated the economic advantages of the ceftriaxone plus amikacin once-daily regimen when compared with another treatment regimen such as ceftazidime plus amikacin requiring three daily doses. Compared with the multiple daily dose regimen of ceftazidime plus amikacin, there is a cost saving of US $11 (17,500 Italian liras) and US $66 (105,000 Italian liras) for both 1-day and 6-day treatments, respectively, by using the single daily dose regimen of ceftriaxone plus amikacin. The potential of ceftriaxone to lower costs in hospitalized patients depends upon its comparable efficacy with other extended-spectrum beta-lactams, in which case it can reduce overall treatment costs because of its once-daily administration schedule.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-60
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Chemotherapy
Volume11
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Keywords

  • Amikacin
  • Ceftriaxone
  • Cost containment
  • Empirical therapy
  • Febrile granulocytopenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Strategies for cost-containment: Once-daily ceftriaxone plus amikacin as empiric therapy for febrile granulocytopenic children with cancer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this