Strategies to reverse endothelial progenitor cell dysfunction in diabetes

Alessandra Petrelli, Raffaele Di Fenza, Michele Carvello, Francesca Gatti, Antonio Secchi, Paolo Fiorina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Bone-marrow-derived cells-mediated postnatal vasculogenesis has been reported as the main responsible for the regulation of vascular homeostasis in adults. Since their discovery, endothelial progenitor cells have been depicted as mediators of postnatal vasculogenesis for their peculiar phenotype (partially staminal and partially endothelial), their ability to differentiate in endothelial cell line and to be incorporated into the vessels wall during ischemia/damage. Diabetes mellitus, a condition characterized by cardiovascular disease, nephropathy, and micro- and macroangiopathy, showed a dysfunction of endothelial progenitor cells. Herein, we review the mechanisms involved in diabetes-related dysfunction of endothelial progenitor cells, highlighting how hyperglycemia affects the different steps of endothelial progenitor cells lifetime (i.e., bone marrow mobilization, trafficking into the bloodstream, differentiation in endothelial cells, and homing in damaged tissues/organs). Finally, we review preclinical and clinical strategies that aim to revert diabetes-induced dysfunction of endothelial progenitor cells as a means of finding new strategies to prevent diabetic complications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number471823
JournalExperimental Diabetes Research
Volume2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Music

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