Stratified medicine for mental disorders

Gunter Schumann, Elisabeth B. Binder, Arne Holte, E. Ronald de Kloet, Ketil J. Oedegaard, Trevor W. Robbins, Tom R. Walker-Tilley, Istvan Bitter, Verity J. Brown, Jan Buitelaar, Roberto Ciccocioppo, Roshan Cools, Carles Escera, Wolfgang Fleischhacker, Herta Flor, Chris D. Frith, Andreas Heinz, Erik Johnsen, Clemens Kirschbaum, Torkel KlingbergKlaus Peter Lesch, Shon Lewis, Wolfgang Maier, Karl Mann, Jean Luc Martinot, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, Christian P. Müller, Walter E. Müller, David J. Nutt, Antonio Persico, Giulio Perugi, Mathias Pessiglione, Ulrich W. Preuss, Jonathan P. Roiser, Paolo M. Rossini, Janusz K. Rybakowski, Carmen Sandi, Klaas E. Stephan, Juan Undurraga, Eduard Vieta, Nic van der Wee, Til Wykes, Josep Maria Haro, Hans Ulrich Wittchen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

There is recognition that biomedical research into the causes of mental disorders and their treatment needs to adopt new approaches to research. Novel biomedical techniques have advanced our understanding of how the brain develops and is shaped by behaviour and environment. This has led to the advent of stratified medicine, which translates advances in basic research by targeting aetiological mechanisms underlying mental disorder. The resulting increase in diagnostic precision and targeted treatments may provide a window of opportunity to address the large public health burden, and individual suffering associated with mental disorders.While mental health and mental disorders have significant representation in the "health, demographic change and wellbeing" challenge identified in Horizon 2020, the framework programme for research and innovation of the European Commission (2014-2020), and in national funding agencies, clear advice on a potential strategy for mental health research investment is needed. The development of such a strategy is supported by the EC-funded "Roadmap for Mental Health Research" (ROAMER) which will provide recommendations for a European mental health research strategy integrating the areas of biomedicine, psychology, public health well being, research integration and structuring, and stakeholder participation. Leading experts on biomedical research on mental disorders have provided an assessment of the state of the art in core psychopathological domains, including arousal and stress regulation, affect, cognition social processes, comorbidity and pharmacotherapy. They have identified major advances and promising methods and pointed out gaps to be addressed in order to achieve the promise of a stratified medicine for mental disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-50
Number of pages46
JournalEuropean Neuropsychopharmacology
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Mental disorder
  • Neural processes
  • Psychopathology
  • Roadmap
  • Stratified medicine
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Neurology
  • Pharmacology

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  • Cite this

    Schumann, G., Binder, E. B., Holte, A., de Kloet, E. R., Oedegaard, K. J., Robbins, T. W., Walker-Tilley, T. R., Bitter, I., Brown, V. J., Buitelaar, J., Ciccocioppo, R., Cools, R., Escera, C., Fleischhacker, W., Flor, H., Frith, C. D., Heinz, A., Johnsen, E., Kirschbaum, C., ... Wittchen, H. U. (2014). Stratified medicine for mental disorders. European Neuropsychopharmacology, 24(1), 5-50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euroneuro.2013.09.010