Stratospheric aerosols observed by lidar over northern Greenland in the aftermath of the Pinatubo eruption

A. Di Sarra, L. Bernardini, M. Cacciani, G. Fiocco, D. Fuà

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lidar observations were carried out from Thule (76.5°N, 68.8°W), Greenland, during the period September 1991 to February 1996. The measurements were carried out with relative continuity throughout the solar year, with the exception of the summer 1992. A total of over 300 profiles of the stratospheric aerosol backscattering and depolarization were obtained. The buildup and decay of the volcanic aerosols, originated from the eruption of Mount Pinatubo (June 1991, Philippines), were followed in detail. Maxima of the backscatter ratio, around 6, were recorded in March 1992. The aerosol decay, mainly controlled by gravitational sedimentation and stratosphere-troposphere exchange, shows a strong modulation induced by dynamical phenomena: an annual oscillation of the aerosol integrated backscattering, with a winter maximum at altitudes below 20 km, distinctly appears. Subsidence during winter and, possibly, upward motion during summer lead to a consistently different winter-to-summer aerosol vertical distribution. Discontinuities in the evolution of the aerosol backscattering may be related to the influence of the quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO) on the poleward transport and on the mean diabatic circulation. The QBO appears also to affect the stratosphere-troposphere exchange during winter. By fitting the decreasing phase of the volcanic aerosol integrated backscattering with an analytical expression given by an exponential decrease and an annual oscillation, an e-folding time of approximately 9.4 months is derived. The e-folding time varies however with time and depends on altitude. A distinct transition occurs in early summer 1994, with a fast decrease of the aerosol load below 20 km. The observation of backscattering values larger than in the pre-Pinatubo period still in early 1996 above 20 km seems to be consistent with modifications of the particle size distribution at these altitudes. Upper limit estimates for the diabatic descent in and outside the polar vortex could also be derived from the lidar observations in the winter months.

Original languageEnglish
Article number98JD00901
Pages (from-to)13873-13891
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres
Volume103
Issue numberD12
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Fingerprint

lidar
Upper atmosphere
Greenland
Optical radar
aerosols
Aerosols
optical radar
volcanic eruptions
volcanic eruption
aerosol
Backscattering
winter
backscattering
summer
oscillation
volcanic aerosol
quasi-biennial oscillation
Troposphere
folding
stratosphere

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Oceanography

Cite this

Stratospheric aerosols observed by lidar over northern Greenland in the aftermath of the Pinatubo eruption. / Di Sarra, A.; Bernardini, L.; Cacciani, M.; Fiocco, G.; Fuà, D.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, Vol. 103, No. D12, 98JD00901, 1998, p. 13873-13891.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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