Objectives.: This study sought to assess the value of dipyridamole echocardiography in predicting reinfarction in patients evaluated early after uncomplicated acute myocardial infarction. Background.: The identification of future nonfatal reinfarction seems an elusive target for physiologic testing. However, a large sample population is needed to detect minor differences in phenomena with a low event rate. Methods.: We assessed the value of dipyridamole echocardiography in predicting reinfarction in 1,080 patients (mean [±SD] age 56 ± 9 years; 926 men, 154 women) evaluated early (10 ± 5 days) after uncomplicated acute myocardial infarction and followed up for 14 ± 10 months. Results.: Submaximal studies due to limiting side effects occurred in 14 patients (1.3%); these test results were included in the analysis. Results of dipyridamole echocardiography were positive in 475 patients (44%). During follow-up, there were 50 reinfarctions: 45 nonfatal, 5 fatal (followed by cardiac death ≤4 days after reinfarction). Reinfarction (either nonfatal or fatal) occurred in 30 patients with positive and 20 with negative results (6.3% vs. 3.3%, p <0.01). Nonfatal reinfarction occurred in 25 patients with positive and 20 with negative results (5% vs. 3.3%, p <0.05). Reinfarction was fatal in 5 of 30 patients with positive and in none of 20 with negative results (16.6% vs. 0%, p = 0.07). The relative risk of reinfarction was 1.9. Conclusions.: Dipyridamole echocardiographic positivity identifies patients evaluated early after uncomplicated acute myocardial infarction at higher risk of reinfarction, especially fatal reinfarction.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine