Stretch-induced changes in constricted lung parenchymal strips: Role of extracellular matrix

F. G. Salerno, A. Fust, Mara S. Ludwig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Large amplitude oscillations of contracted airway smooth muscle cause relative relaxation of the preparation. However, little is known about the effect of mechanical stretch on distal lung behaviour. Rat parenchymal strips were suspended in an organ bath and attached at one end to a force transducer and at the other end to a servo-controlled lever arm that effected length changes. Mechanical impedance of the strip was measured by applying a complex signal consisting of pseudorandom length oscillations of varying frequencies (0.5-19.75 Hz). A constant phase model was fit to changes in length and tension to calculate tissue damping (G) and elastance (H). Hysteresivity was calculated as G/H. Impedance was measured before and after sinusoidal length oscillation at different amplitudes (1, 3, 10 and 25% of resting length) at a frequency of 1 Hz under baseline conditions and after acetylcholine-induced constriction. Oscillations of 10 and 25% amplitudes significantly decreased the G and H of the lung strip. The effect of length oscillations was no different in control versus constricted strips. These data suggest that in the distal lung, large stretches affect the structural components of the extracellular matrix rather than the contractile elements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-198
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Respiratory Journal
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2004

Keywords

  • Complex impedance
  • Contractile elements
  • Tissue mechanics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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