Stretch-induced changes in tension generation process and stiffness are not accompanied by alterations in muscle architecture of the middle and distal portions of the two gastrocnemii

Emiliano Cè, Stefano Longo, Susanna Rampichini, Michela Devoto, Eloisa Limonta, Massimo Venturelli, Fabio Esposito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The study aimed to evaluate the stretch-induced changes in muscle architecture in different portions of the gastrocnemius medialis (GM) and lateralis (GL) muscles. The reliability and sensitivity of the measurements were also assessed. Fascicle length (FL) and pennation angle (PA) were calculated in the middle and distal portions of GM and GL at 0°, 10° and 20° of ankle dorsiflexion. At the same angles, passive torque (Tpass), peak torque (pT) and myotendinous junction displacement of GM were determined. Stiffness was calculated at muscle-tendon unit (MTU), muscle and tendon level. After static stretching administration, Tpass, pT and MTU stiffness decreased by 22%, 12% and 16%, respectively (p0.90), with an adequate level of sensitivity. pT after static stretching was related to decreases in MTU, muscle and tendon stiffness, but not to alterations in muscle architecture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)469-478
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2015

Keywords

  • Electrically-evoked contraction
  • Fascicle length
  • Pennation angle
  • Plantar flexor muscles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
  • Biophysics
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Medicine(all)

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