Stroke and transient ischaemic attack in 18 neurology departments from two Italian Regions: The SINPAC database

R. Sciolla, G. Ferrari, M. Leone, P. Cerrato, C. Labate, L. Priano, A. Appiotti, F. Gruppallo, E. Verdun, C. Doriguzzi, M. Chiusano, E. Bottacchi, G. Corso, G. D'Alessandro, M. De Mattei, R. Rudà, E. Enrico, M. Maggio, D. Giobbe, R. PalmieroL. Calvi, E. Grasso, P. C. Gerbino-Promis, P. Meineri, E. Terrazi, D. Mittino, P. Gai, M. Reggiani, C. Buffa, S. Cordera, E. Rocci, W. Liboni, E. Pavanelli, E. Oddenino, A. Villani, R. Conte, P. Cristofanelli, P. Provera, P. Gilardengo, A. Dutto, A. Gagliano, A. Cognazzo, M. Nobili, F. Zurlo, L. Vivalda, N. Lovera, G. Chianale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This observational prospective multicentre study aims to describe a hospital-based database collecting information about clinical features, management and follow-up of stroke patients. In 18 neurological departments (mostly first-referral) in Piedmont and the Aosta Valley, Italy, between May and July 1999, 604 consecutive patients (97 TIA, 443 ischaemic, and 64 haemorrhagic stroke) were studied. Ischaemic stroke aetiologies were as follows: large artery atherosclerosis (148), small-artery occlusion (133), cardioembolism (76), other causes (13) and undetermined (73). According to Bamford's classification, 164 were PACI, 126 LACI, 87 TACI and 66 POCI. The diagnostic workup and management of patients is described; only 4% of patients did not receive a CT scan. Four hundred and three patients were discharged to their home, 78 to a rehabilitation unit, 44 to long-term institutional care, 20 to other wards and 59 died while in hospital. After six months, 10 patients were lost to follow-up, 499 were alive and 95 had died. The SINPAC database allows for evaluation of current practice of care in a first-referral stroke population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)208-217
Number of pages10
JournalNeurological Sciences
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2005


  • Database
  • Multicentre study
  • Stroke
  • TIA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology


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