Stroke gait rehabilitation: A comparison of end-effector, overground exoskeleton, and conventional gait training

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Gait recovery is one of the main goals of post-stroke rehabilitation and Robot-Assisted Gait Training (RAGT) has shown positive outcomes. However, there is a lack of studies in the literature comparing the effects of different devices. This paper aims to study the effects, in terms of clinical and gait outcomes, of treadmill-based and overground RAGT, compared to conventional gait training in stroke subjects. The results showed a significant improvement of clinical outcomes in both robotic treatments and in conventional therapy. The performance of locomotor tasks was clinically significant in the robotic groups only. The spatio-temporal gait parameters did not reveal any significant difference. Results suggest future multicentre studies on a larger number of subjects.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2627
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume9
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2019

Fingerprint

exoskeletons
gait
end effectors
End effectors
strokes
Patient rehabilitation
Robotics
education
Robots
Exercise equipment
robotics
robots
Recovery
treadmills
Exoskeleton (Robotics)
therapy
recovery

Keywords

  • Gait analysis
  • Robot-assisted gait training
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Cite this

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abstract = "Gait recovery is one of the main goals of post-stroke rehabilitation and Robot-Assisted Gait Training (RAGT) has shown positive outcomes. However, there is a lack of studies in the literature comparing the effects of different devices. This paper aims to study the effects, in terms of clinical and gait outcomes, of treadmill-based and overground RAGT, compared to conventional gait training in stroke subjects. The results showed a significant improvement of clinical outcomes in both robotic treatments and in conventional therapy. The performance of locomotor tasks was clinically significant in the robotic groups only. The spatio-temporal gait parameters did not reveal any significant difference. Results suggest future multicentre studies on a larger number of subjects.",
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AU - Goffredo, Michela

AU - Iacovelli, Chiara

AU - Russo, Emanuele

AU - Pournajaf, Sanaz

AU - Di Blasi, Chiara

AU - Galafate, Daniele

AU - Pellicciari, Leonardo

AU - Agosti, Maurizio

AU - Filoni, Serena

AU - Aprile, Irene

AU - Franceschini, Marco

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AB - Gait recovery is one of the main goals of post-stroke rehabilitation and Robot-Assisted Gait Training (RAGT) has shown positive outcomes. However, there is a lack of studies in the literature comparing the effects of different devices. This paper aims to study the effects, in terms of clinical and gait outcomes, of treadmill-based and overground RAGT, compared to conventional gait training in stroke subjects. The results showed a significant improvement of clinical outcomes in both robotic treatments and in conventional therapy. The performance of locomotor tasks was clinically significant in the robotic groups only. The spatio-temporal gait parameters did not reveal any significant difference. Results suggest future multicentre studies on a larger number of subjects.

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KW - Robot-assisted gait training

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