Stroke subtyping for genetic association studies? A comparison of the CCS and TOAST classifications

Silvia Lanfranconi, Hugh S. Markus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: A reliable and reproducible classification system of stroke subtype is essential for epidemiological and genetic studies. The Causative Classification of Stroke system is an evidence-based computerized algorithm with excellent inter-rater reliability. It has been suggested that, compared to the Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment classification, it increases the proportion of cases with defined subtype that may increase power in genetic association studies. We compared Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment and Causative Classification of Stroke system classifications in a large cohort of well-phenotyped stroke patients. Methods: Six hundred ninety consecutively recruited patients with first-ever ischemic stroke were classified, using review of clinical data and original imaging, according to the Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment and Causative Classification of Stroke system classifications. Results: There was excellent agreement subtype assigned by between Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment and Causative Classification of Stroke system (kappa=0·85). The agreement was excellent for the major individual subtypes: large artery atherosclerosis kappa=0·888, small-artery occlusion kappa=0·869, cardiac embolism kappa=0·89, and undetermined category kappa=0·884. There was only moderate agreement (kappa=0·41) for the subjects with at least two competing underlying mechanism. Thirty-five (5·8%) patients classified as undetermined by Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment were assigned to a definite subtype by Causative Classification of Stroke system. Thirty-two subjects assigned to a definite subtype by Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment were classified as undetermined by Causative Classification of Stroke system. Conclusions: There is excellent agreement between classification using Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment and Causative Classification of Stroke systems but no evidence that Causative Classification of Stroke system reduced the proportion of patients classified to undetermined subtypes. The excellent inter-rater reproducibility and web-based semiautomated nature make Causative Classification of Stroke system suitable for multicenter studies, but the benefit of reclassifying cases already classified using the Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment system on existing databases is likely to be small.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)626-631
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Stroke
Volume8
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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Genetic Association Studies
Stroke
Therapeutics
Arteries

Keywords

  • Genetics disorders
  • Risk factors
  • Stroke subtypes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology

Cite this

Stroke subtyping for genetic association studies? A comparison of the CCS and TOAST classifications. / Lanfranconi, Silvia; Markus, Hugh S.

In: International Journal of Stroke, Vol. 8, No. 8, 2013, p. 626-631.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background: A reliable and reproducible classification system of stroke subtype is essential for epidemiological and genetic studies. The Causative Classification of Stroke system is an evidence-based computerized algorithm with excellent inter-rater reliability. It has been suggested that, compared to the Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment classification, it increases the proportion of cases with defined subtype that may increase power in genetic association studies. We compared Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment and Causative Classification of Stroke system classifications in a large cohort of well-phenotyped stroke patients. Methods: Six hundred ninety consecutively recruited patients with first-ever ischemic stroke were classified, using review of clinical data and original imaging, according to the Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment and Causative Classification of Stroke system classifications. Results: There was excellent agreement subtype assigned by between Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment and Causative Classification of Stroke system (kappa=0·85). The agreement was excellent for the major individual subtypes: large artery atherosclerosis kappa=0·888, small-artery occlusion kappa=0·869, cardiac embolism kappa=0·89, and undetermined category kappa=0·884. There was only moderate agreement (kappa=0·41) for the subjects with at least two competing underlying mechanism. Thirty-five (5·8{\%}) patients classified as undetermined by Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment were assigned to a definite subtype by Causative Classification of Stroke system. Thirty-two subjects assigned to a definite subtype by Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment were classified as undetermined by Causative Classification of Stroke system. Conclusions: There is excellent agreement between classification using Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment and Causative Classification of Stroke systems but no evidence that Causative Classification of Stroke system reduced the proportion of patients classified to undetermined subtypes. The excellent inter-rater reproducibility and web-based semiautomated nature make Causative Classification of Stroke system suitable for multicenter studies, but the benefit of reclassifying cases already classified using the Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment system on existing databases is likely to be small.",
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