Stromal-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α), the high-affinity ligand of CXC-chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4), induced a progressive increase of apoptosis when added to the Jurkat CD4+/CXCR4+ T cell line. The SDF-1α-mediated Jurkat cell apoptosis was observed in serum-free or serum-containing cultures, peaked at SDF-1α concentrations of 10-100 ng/ml, required 3 days to take place, and was completely blocked by the z-VAD-fmk tripeptide caspase inhibitor. Although SDF-1α did not modify the expression of TNF-α or that of TNF-RI and TNF-RII, it increased the expression of surface Fas/APO-1 (CD95) and intracellular Fas ligand (CD95L) significantly. Moreover, the ability of SDF-1α to induce apoptosis was inhibited by an anti-CD95 Fab' neutralizing antibody. These findings suggest a role for SDF-1α in the homeostatic control of CD4+ T-cell survival/apoptosis mediated by the CD95-CD95L pathway.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Leukocyte Biology|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|
- T lymphocytes
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology