Stromal niche communalities underscore the contribution of the matricellular protein SPARC to B-cell development and lymphoid malignancies

Sabina Sangaletti, Claudio Tripodo, Paola Portararo, Matteo Dugo, Caterina Vitali, Laura Botti, Carla Guarnotta, Barbara Cappetti, Alessandro Gulino, Ilaria Torselli, Patrizia Casalini, Claudia Chiodoni, Mario P. Colombo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Neoplastic B-cell clones commonly arise within secondary lymphoid organs (SL O). However, during disease progression, lymphomatous cells may also colonize the bone marrow (BM), where they localize within specialized stromal niches, namely the osteoblastic and the vascular niche, according to their germinal center- or extra-follicular-derivation, respectively. We hypothesized the existence of common stromal motifs in BM and SL O B-cell lymphoid niches involved in licensing normal B-cell development as well as in fostering transformed B lymphoid cells. Thus, we tested the expression of prototypical mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC) markers and regulatory matricellular proteins in human BM and SL O under physiologically unperturbed conditions and during B-cell lymphoma occurrence. We identified common stromal features in the BM osteoblastic niche and SL O germinal center (GC) microenvironments, traits that were also enriched within BM infiltrates of GC -associated B-cell lymphomas, suggesting that stromal programs involved in central and peripheral B-cell lymphopoiesis are also involved in malignant B-cell nurturing. Among factors co-expressed by stromal elements within these different specialized niches, we identified the pleiotropic matricellular protein secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC). The actual role of stromal SPARC in normal B-cell lymphopoiesis, investigated in Sparc-/- mice and BM chimeras retaining the Sparc-/- genotype in host stroma, demonstrated defective BM and splenic B-cell lymphopoiesis. Moreover, in the Trp53 knockout (KO) lymphoma model, p53-/-/Sparc-/- double-KO mice displayed impaired spontaneous splenic B-cell lymphomagenesis and reduced neoplastic clone BM infiltration in comparison with their p53-/-/Sparc+/+ counterparts. Our results are among the first to demonstrate the existence of common stromal programs regulating both the BM osteoblastic niche and the SL O GC lymphopoietic functions potentially fostering the genesis and progression of B-cell malignancies.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere28989
JournalOncoImmunology
Volume3
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • B cell development
  • Bone marrow niches
  • Lymphomas
  • Microenvironment
  • SPARC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Oncology
  • Immunology

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