Strontium-substituted hydroxyapatite coatings synthesized by pulsed-laser deposition: In vitro osteoblast and osteoclast response

C. Capuccini, P. Torricelli, F. Sima, E. Boanini, C. Ristoscu, B. Bracci, G. Socol, M. Fini, I. N. Mihailescu, A. Bigi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The increasing interest in strontium incorporation into biomaterials for hard tissue repair is justified by the growing evidence of its beneficial effect on bone. We successfully synthesized hydroxyapatite (HA) thin films with different extents of strontium substitution for calcium (0, 1, 3 or 7 at.%) by pulsed-laser deposition. The coatings displayed a granular surface and a good degree of crystallinity, which slightly diminished as strontium content increased. Osteoblast-like MG63 cells and human osteoclasts were cultured on the thin films up to 21 days. MG63 cells grown on the strontium-doped HA coatings displayed normal morphology, good proliferation and increased values of the differentiation parameters, whereas the number of osteoclasts was negatively influenced by the presence of strontium. The positive effect of the ion on bone cells was particularly evident in the case of coatings deposited from HA at relatively high strontium contents (3-7%), where significantly increased values of alkaline phosphatase activity, osteocalcin, type I collagen and osteoprotegerin/TNF-related activation-induced cytokine receptor ratio, and considerably reduced values of osteoclast proliferation, were observed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1885-1893
Number of pages9
JournalActa Biomaterialia
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2008


  • Hydroxyapatite coating
  • Laser ablation
  • Osteoblast
  • Osteoclast
  • Strontium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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