The MET gene, encoding the tyrosine kinase receptor for Hepatocyte Growth Factor, is a potentially harmful oncogene overexpressed in a significant fraction of human cancers. To study the molecular mechanisms responsible for oncogenic activation, the biochemical and biological properties of a number of MET constructs were analysed. The native heterodimeric receptor (αβ), the β chain alone, as well as a kinase defective mutant did not transform rodent fibroblasts upon transfection. The cytoplasmic domain, truncated immediately below the transmembrane region, acquired constitutive tyrosine kinase activity in vivo, produced foci of transformation, and was tumorigenic in nude mice. Removal of the first 39 amino acids of the juxtamembrane domain resulted in loss of constitutive activation in vivo and transforming potential, without impairment of the in vitro kinase activity. Replacement of the juxtamembrane domain with 5' TPR sequences restored constitutive kinase activation and transforming properties. Site-directed mutagenesis of either of the two tyrosine residues involved in the positive regulation of the catalytic activity upon phosphorylation (Y1234 or Y1235 in the kinase domain of the HGF receptor), strongly impaired TPR-MET transforming potential. These data show that: (1) the truncated cytoplasmic HGF receptor has constitutive kinase activity and is oncogenic; (2) the first 39 amino acids of the juxtamembrane domain and (3) the regulatory tyrosines in the catalytic domain are required to unleash its transforming potential.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research
- Molecular Biology