Structural brain connectome and cognitive impairment in Parkinson disease

S Galantucci, F Agosta, Elka Stefanova, S Basaia, MP Van Den Heuvel, T Stojković, E Canu, I Stanković, V Spica, M Copetti, Delia Gagliardi, Vladimir S. Kostić, M Filippi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the structural brain connectome in patients with Parkinson disease (PD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and in patients with PD without MCI. Materials and Methods: This prospective study was approved by the local ethics committees, and written informed consent was obtained from all subjects prior to enrollment. The individual structural brain connectome of 170 patients with PD (54 with MCI, 116 without MCI) and 41 healthy control subjects was obtained by using deterministic diffusion-tensor tractography. A network-based statistic was used to assess structural connectivity differences among groups. Results: Patients with PD and MCI had global network alterations when compared with both control subjects and patients with PD without MCI (range, P = .004 to P = .048). Relative to control subjects, patients with PD and MCI had a large basal ganglia and frontoparietal network with decreased fractional anisotropy (FA) in the right hemisphere and a subnetwork with increased mean diffusivity (MD) involving similar regions bilaterally (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)515-525
Number of pages11
JournalRadiology
Volume283
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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