Structural characterization of PTX3 disulfide bond network and its multimeric status in cumulus matrix organization

Antonio Inforzato, Vincenzo Rivieccio, Antonio P. Morreale, Antonio Bastone, Antonietta Salustri, Laura Scarchilli, Antonio Verdoliva, Silvia Vincenti, Grazia Gallo, Caterina Chiapparino, Lucrezia Pacello, Eleonora Nucera, Ottaviano Serlupi-Crescenzi, Anthony J. Day, Barbara Bottazzi, Alberto Mantovani, Rita De Santis, Giovanni Salvatori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PTX3 is an acute phase glycoprotein that plays key roles in resistance to certain pathogens and in female fertility. PTX3 exerts its functions by interacting with a number of structurally unrelated molecules, a capacity that is likely to rely on its complex multimeric structure stabilized by interchain disulfide bonds. In this study, PAGE analyses performed under both native and denaturing conditions indicated that human recombinant PTX3 is mainly composed of covalently linked octamers. The network of disulfide bonds supporting this octameric assembly was resolved by mass spectrometry and Cys to Ser site-directed mutagenesis. Here we report that cysteine residues at positions 47, 49, and 103 in the N-terminal domain form three symmetric interchain disulfide bonds stabilizing four protein subunits in a tetrameric arrangement. Additional interchain disulfide bonds formed by the C-terminal domain cysteines Cys317 and Cys318 are responsible for linking the PTX3 tetramers into octamers. We also identified three intrachain disulfide bonds within the C-terminal domain that we used as structural constraints to build a new three-dimensional model for this domain. Previously it has been shown that PTX3 is a key component of the cumulus oophorus extracellular matrix, which forms around the oocyte prior to ovulation, because cumuli from PTX3 -/- mice show defective matrix organization. Recombinant PTX3 is able to restore the normal phenotype ex vivo in cumuli from PTX3-/- mice. Here we demonstrate that PTX3 Cys to Ser mutants, mainly assembled into tetramers, exhibited wild type rescue activity, whereas a mutant, predominantly composed of dimers, had impaired functionality. These findings indicate that protein oligomerization is essential for PTX3 activity within the cumulus matrix and implicate PTX3 tetramers as the functional molecular units required for cumulus matrix organization and stabilization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10147-10161
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume283
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 11 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Structural characterization of PTX3 disulfide bond network and its multimeric status in cumulus matrix organization'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this