The x-ray crystal structure of the fluoride derivative of ferric sperm whale (Physeter catodon) myoglobin (Mb) has been determined at 2.5 Å resolution (R = 0.187) by difference Fourier techniques. The fluoride anion, sitting in the central part of the heme distal site and coordinated to the heme iron, is hydrogen bonded to the distal His(64)E7 NE2 atom and to the W195 solvent water molecule. This water molecule also significantly interacts with the same HisE7 residue, which stabilizes the coordinated fluoride ion. Moreover, fluoride and formate binding to ferric Aplysia limacina Mb, sperm whale (Physeter catodon) Mb, horse (Caballus caballus) Mb, loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta) Mb, and human hemoglobin has been investigated by 1H-NMB relaxometry. A strong solvent proton relaxation enhancement is observed for the fluoride derivatives of hemoproteins containing HisE7. Conversely, only a small outer-sphere contribution to the solvent relaxation rate has been observed for all of the formate derivatives considered and for the A. limacina Mb:fluoride derivative, where HisE7 is replaced by Val.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1996|
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