Structural insight into the interaction of O-acetylserine sulfhydrylase with competitive, peptidic inhibitors by saturation transfer difference-NMR

Roberto Benoni, Thelma A. Pertinhez, Francesca Spyrakis, Silvia Davalli, Sara Pellegrino, Gianluca Paredi, Angelica Pezzotti, Stefano Bettati, Barbara Campanini, Andrea Mozzarelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

O-acetylserine sulfhydrylase (OASS), the enzyme catalysing the last step of cysteine biosynthesis in bacteria, is involved in antibiotic resistance and biofilm formation. Since mammals lack OASS, it is a potential target for antimicrobials. However, a limited number of inhibitors has been developed and crystallized in complex with OASS. STD-NMR was applied to study the interaction of the inhibitory pentapeptide MNYDI with the CysK and CysM OASS isozymes from Salmonella Typhimurium. Results are in excellent agreement with docking and SAR studies and confirm the important role played by the C-terminal Ile5 and the arylic moiety at P3 in dictating affinity. Cysteine can be synthesized in bacteria by either one of the two isozymes CysK and CysM. STD-NMR allows to study protein-ligand binding specificity in solution. Peptidic inhibitors of the two isozymes with MNX1X2I sequence have been developed. An arylic substituent at position X1 improves affinity for CysK. The N-terminal amino acids dictate the specificity for CysM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)943-953
Number of pages11
JournalFEBS Letters
Volume590
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2016

Keywords

  • cysteine biosynthesis
  • cysteine synthase
  • Saturation Transfer Difference NMR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Cell Biology
  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Structural Biology

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  • Cite this

    Benoni, R., Pertinhez, T. A., Spyrakis, F., Davalli, S., Pellegrino, S., Paredi, G., Pezzotti, A., Bettati, S., Campanini, B., & Mozzarelli, A. (2016). Structural insight into the interaction of O-acetylserine sulfhydrylase with competitive, peptidic inhibitors by saturation transfer difference-NMR. FEBS Letters, 590(7), 943-953. https://doi.org/10.1002/1873-3468.12126