Structural MRI in Huntington's disease and recommendations for its potential use in clinical trials

Nellie Georgiou-Karistianis, Rachael Scahill, Sarah J. Tabrizi, Ferdinando Squitieri, Elizabeth Aylward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Huntington's disease (HD) results in progressive impairment of motor and cognitive function and neuropsychiatric disturbance. There are no disease-modifying treatments available, but HD research is entering a critical phase where promising disease-specific therapies are on the horizon. Thus, a pressing need exists for biomarkers capable of monitoring progression and ultimately determining drug efficacy. Neuroimaging provides a powerful tool for assessing disease progression. However, in order to be accepted as biomarkers for clinical trials, imaging measures must be reproducible, robust to scanner differences, sensitive to disease-related change and demonstrate a relationship to clinically meaningful measures. We provide a review of the current structural imaging literature in HD and highlight inconsistencies between studies. We make recommendations for the standardisation of reporting for future studies, such as appropriate cohort characterisation and documentation of methodologies to facilitate comparisons and inform trial design. We also argue for an intensified effort to consider issues highlighted here so that we have the best chance of assessing the efficacy of the therapeutic benefit in forestalling this devastating disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)480-490
Number of pages11
JournalNeuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013

Keywords

  • Biomarkers
  • Clinical trials
  • Huntington's disease
  • Neuroimaging
  • Volumetric analyses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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