Structural stability of soybean lipoxygenase-1 in solution as probed by small angle x-ray scattering

Enrico Dainese, Annalaura Sabatucci, Guus Van Zadelhoff, Clotilde Beatrice Angelucci, Patrice Vachette, Gerrit A. Veldink, Alessandro Finazzi Agrò, Mauro Maccarrone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Soybean lipoxygenase-1 (LOX-1) is used widely as a model for studying the structural and functional properties of the homologous family of lipoxygenases. The crystallographic structure revealed that LOX-1 is organized in a β-sheet N-terminal domain and a larger, mostly helical, C-terminal domain. Here, we describe the overall structural characterization of native unliganded LOX-1 in solution, using small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). We show that the scattering pattern of the unliganded enzyme in solution does not display any significant difference compared with that calculated from the crystal structure, and that models of the overall shape of the protein calculated ab initio from the SAXS pattern provide a close envelope to the crystal structure. These data, demonstrating that LOX-1 has a compact structure also in solution, rule out any major motional flexibility of the LOX-1 molecule in aqueous solutions. In addition we show that eicosatetraynoic acid, an irreversible inhibitor of lipoxygenase used to mimic the effect of substrate binding, does not alter the overall conformation of LOX-1 nor its ability to bind to membranes. In contrast, the addition of glycerol (to 5%, v/v) causes an increase in the binding of the enzyme to membranes without altering its catalytic efficiency towards linoleic acid nor its SAXS pattern, suggesting that the global conformation of the enzyme is unaffected. Therefore, the compact structure determined in the crystal appears to be essentially preserved in these various solution conditions. During the preparation of this article, a paper by M. Hammel and co-workers showed instead a sharp difference between crystal and solution conformations of rabbit 15-LOX-1. The possible cause of this difference might be the presence of oligomers in the rabbit lipoxygenase preparations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-152
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Molecular Biology
Volume349
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 27 2005

Keywords

  • Calcium
  • Catalysis
  • Inhibitors
  • Membranes
  • Soybean lipoxygenase-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology

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