The physico-chemical properties of the DNA released from bacteriophage G (active on Bacillus megatherium) are described. Phage G, an unusually large bacteriophage, has a nucleic acid content of 4 to 6 × 108 daltons. Sedimentation velocity analysis at low angular speed and examination by electron microscopy, indicate that a single DNA molecule, sedimenting with s20, w 0 = 125 ± 1.5 S and at least 200 ± 20 μm long, is released upon thermal or osmotic shock. Melting temperature data and chromatographic analysis indicate a mean base composition of 70% A + T. CsCl and Cs2SO4 buoyant density data, circular dichroism spectra and sensitivity to specific nucleases indicate that phage G DNA is similar to the DNAs from T-even phages and is more glucosylated than phage T6 DNA. Direct glucose determination indicates a 185% molar ratio of glucose to cytosine. Linear density extrapolated from literature data and contour length measurement yield a lower limit for the molecular weight of phage G DNA of 4.9 × 108. Comparison of this value with the s20,w 0 measured with the analytical ultracentrifuge seems to confirm the validity of the empirical relationship proposed by Freifelder (1970), between s20, w 0 and molecular weight, over a larger range than that previously known. A possible systematic error in defect in length determination, however, prevents a discrimination between this and other empirical formulae proposed by various authors, which predict a molecular weight that is 20 to 25% higher.
ASJC Scopus subject areas