Basic residues Arg-118, Lys-119, Lys-128, and Arg-129 within a putative heparin-binding and receptor-binding region of the 155-amino acid form of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) have been changed to neutral glutamine residues by site-directed mutagenesis of the human bFGF cDNA. The bFGF mutant (M6B-bFGF) was expressed in E. coli and purified to homogeneity. When compared to wild type bFGF, M6B-bFGF showed in cultured endothelial cells a similar receptor-binding capacity and mitogenic activity, but a reduced affinity for heparin-like low affinity binding sites, a reduced chemotactic activity, and a reduced capacity to induce the production of urokinase-type plasminogen activator. In vivo, M6B-bFGF lacked a significant angiogenic activity. Modifications of both the primary and the tertiary structure of bFGF appear to be responsible for the modified biological properties of M6B-bFGF, thus confirming the possibility to dissociate at the structural level some of the biological activities exerted by bFGF on endothelial cells.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 30 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology