The experimental conditions of trypsin activation of inactive renin in rat plasma have been studied. Our results showed that the pH optimum of trypsin-activated renin is 6.2, the same as that of rat plasma active renin. Trypsin concentration and incubation time might also interfere with the activation process. Trypsin concentration below 2 mg/ml cannot activate inactive renin. Trypsin at a concentration of 6 mg/ml for 1 min. can cleave dialyzable fragments from renin substrate which can generate Angiotensin I at 37°C with a pH optimum of 5.3 but which do not affect Angiotensin generation at pH 6.2. Longer incubations (more than 2 min.), on the contrary, can produce a cleavage at 4°C of Angiotensin I containing fragments directly from renin substrate strongly interfering with measurements of renin activity at pH 6.2. Trypsin concentrations lower than endogenous rat plasma anti-trypsin activity do not activate inactive renin. Much higher concentrations of trypsin, however, are needed to obtain optimum activation of inactive renin. in average, 40% of the total circulating renin in rat plasma can be activated by trypsin.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine