Study of the biological and prognostic significance of the antigen CaMBr8 on breast carcinoma

P. Facheris, F. Perrone, S. Menard, S. Andreola, P. Bazzini, R. Bufalino, S. Canevari, N. Cascinelli, E. Colzani, G. Di Fronzo, M. I. Colnaghi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We previously reported that the expression on the primary tumour of the antigen CaMBr8 was related to a short survival, attributable either to higher tumour aggressiveness or a poor response to oophorectomy. To further verify the CaMBr8 prognostic value, we analysed retrospectively 862 breast cancer patients with a 19 year follow-up. In this series, CaMBr8 expression was found to be associated to some negative prognostic factors (premenopausal status, lymphnode invasion, a high number of mitosis and HER-2/neu oncoprotein expression), but had no influence on the patients' survival. Direct association with a poor prognosis was only evident in patients with lobular or mixed breast carcinoma, which however represent only a small fraction of the total breast cancers. Another possibility was that CaMBr8 could identify a subgroup of patients which did not respond to hormone therapy. To verify this hypothesis we evaluated on a second series of 116 patients the relationship between CaMBr8 expression and hormone-receptor levels. A negative association emerged which was also observed in vitro in the human breast cancer line MCF-7 treated with Sodium Butyrate, a differentiation inducer, which reduced hormone-receptor levels and increased CaMBr8 expression. In conclusion, the longer survival of CaMBr8 negative tumour patients observed in the initial study, was probably related to a better response to oophorectomy, due to the hormone-receptor level of their tumours.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)466-470
Number of pages5
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
Volume65
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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