Studying cross-cultural differences in temperament in toddlerhood: United States of America (US) and Italy

Patrizia Cozzi, Samuel P. Putnam, Ersilia Menesini, Maria A. Gartstein, Tiziana Aureli, Pamela Calussi, Rosario Montirosso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Cross-cultural differences between matched samples (N=. 306) of Italian and US toddlers were evaluated. Italian toddlers received higher scores on cuddliness, impulsivity, low intensity pleasure, perceptual sensitivity and positive anticipation, whereas US toddlers were higher on frustration, high-intensity pleasure, inhibitory control, shyness, and soothability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)480-483
Number of pages4
JournalInfant Behavior and Development
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013



  • Cross-cultural differences
  • Temperament
  • Toddlerhood

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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