Background: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) involves the use of a photosensitizing agent, which may require metabolic synthesis (i.e. a prodrug), followed by light activation. Numerous studies have advanced PDT as a means for treating bacteria, fungi and viruses. In this study, the photoinactivation of Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) in human keratinocytes using 5-aminolaevulinic acid (5-ALA) was investigated. Methods: HaCat cells were infected with HSV-1 and treated with 5-ALA to verify its antiviral effect during the stages of adsorption and penetration to host cells. Immunoblot analysis was used to estimate the effect of ALA-PDT on the production of viral proteins glycoprotein D (gD), infected cell proteins (ICP) 27 and virion protein (VP) 16. We also investigated whether the effect of ALA-PDT was associated with a cellular apoptotic mechanism through DNA fragmentation and the study of p53, PARP and caspase-3 protein expression. Results: While the treatment of ALA-PDT after the viral adsorption period reduced HSV-1 replication by about 70%, it did not act on the virus in the first phase of infection. The viral proteins' expressions were reduced by ALA-PDT treatments. There was no evidence of ALA-PDT-induced apoptosis. Conclusion: Our data suggest that the target of photoinactivation appears to be viral replication and not a cellular response.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Photodermatology Photoimmunology and Photomedicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|
- 5-aminolaevulinic acid
- HaCat cells
- Photodynamic therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas