Peripheral neuropathy associated with IgM monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance is a common disorder, while the association of paraproteinaemic neuropathies with haematological malignancies is far less frequent. We report a 76-year-old patient with a subacute and rapidly progressive sensorimotor demyelinating polyneuropathy causing sensory ataxia, painful paraesthesias and marked motor and sensory deficit in four limbs. Monoclonal gammopathy of IgM type associated with a rectal low-grade B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma was detected. Research for anti-MAG and antiganglioside autoantibodies including anti-GM1 and anti-GQ1b evidenced a high titre of IgM antibodies against the disialosyl group of GD1b. This is the first report on a paraproteinaemic polyneuropathy with IgM autoantibodies against glycolipid GD1b associated with B-cell lymphoma. The IgM type of these autoantibodies suggests that they represent all or part of the paraprotein produced by lymphoma cells.
- B-cell lymphoma
- Monoclonal gammopathy
- Paraproteinaemic neuropathies
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology