Subclinical Anthracycline Cardiotoxicity in Patients With Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia in Long-Term Remission After the AIDA Protocol

Pierpaolo Pellicori, Angela Calicchia, Francesco Lococo, Giuseppe Cimino, Concetta Torromeo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Anthracycline chemotherapy remains a critical component of cancer treatment despite its established risk of cardiotoxicity. To investigate whether the AIDA protocol, which combines idarubicin, mitoxantrone, and all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) for treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) results in late cardiotoxicity, 34 APL patients in long-term remission were evaluated. The cumulative dose of idarubicin and mitoxantrone were 80mg/m2 and 50mg/m2, respectively. Median follow-up was 7years. Segmental wall motion abnormalities (SWMAs) were detected in 11 AIDA patients who still presented with an ejection fraction (EF) within normal limits (EF 56% in the AIDA group vs 59% in the control group, P=01). However, parameters of diastolic dysfunction were significantly impaired in the AIDA group (E/A ratio: 1.04 in the AIDA group vs 1.28 in the control group, P=001; E/E' lateral ratio: 10.04 in the AIDA group vs 5.79 in the control group, P≤001) as well as left atrial volume (52mL in the AIDA group vs 35mL in the control group, P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-221
Number of pages5
JournalCongestive Heart Failure
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Emergency

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