Subcutaneous implantable cardioverter defibrillator in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy: Results from an Italian multicenter registry

Federico Migliore, Stefano Viani, Maria Grazia Bongiorni, Alessandro Zorzi, Massimo Stefano Silvetti, Pietro Francia, Antonio D'Onofrio, Pietro De Franceschi, Simone Sala, Stefano Donzelli, Giuseppe Ricciardi, Endry Menardi, Massimo Giammaria, Carmelo La Greca, Barbara Bauce, Ilaria Rigato, Sabino Iliceto, Emanuele Bertaglia, Igor Diemberger, Domenico Corrado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Despite expanding indication of the subcutaneous implantable cardioverter defibrillator (S-ICD) in clinical practice, limited data exists on safety and efficacy of S-ICD in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) patients. The aim of this multicenter study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of S-ICD in ARVC patients.

METHODS: The study population included 44 consecutive patients with definite ARVC diagnosis according to the 2010 ITF criteria (57% male, mean age 37 ± 17 years [range 10-75 years]) who received an S-ICD. Eighteen (41%) patients were implanted for secondary prevention.

RESULTS: At implant, all inducible patients (34/44) had conversion of ventricular fibrillation at 65 J. No early complications occurred. During a median follow-up of 12 months (7-19), 3 (6.8%) patients experienced complications requiring surgical revision. No local or systemic device-related infections were observed. Six patients (14%) received a total of 61 appropriate and successful shocks on ventricular arrhythmias. Six (14%) patients experienced 8 inappropriate shocks for oversensing of cardiac signal (4 cases) and non-cardiac signal (4 cases) with one patient requiring device explantation. No patients had the device explanted due to the need for antitachycardia pacing.

CONCLUSIONS: The study shows that S-ICD provides safe and effective therapy for termination of both induced and spontaneous malignant ventricular tachyarrhythmias with high energy shocks in ARVC patients, but the risk of inappropriate shocks and complications needing surgical revision should be considered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-79
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume280
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2019

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    Migliore, F., Viani, S., Bongiorni, M. G., Zorzi, A., Silvetti, M. S., Francia, P., D'Onofrio, A., De Franceschi, P., Sala, S., Donzelli, S., Ricciardi, G., Menardi, E., Giammaria, M., La Greca, C., Bauce, B., Rigato, I., Iliceto, S., Bertaglia, E., Diemberger, I., & Corrado, D. (2019). Subcutaneous implantable cardioverter defibrillator in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy: Results from an Italian multicenter registry. International Journal of Cardiology, 280, 74-79. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2019.01.041