Subgroup Analysis According to Human Papillomavirus Status and Tumor Site of a Randomized Phase II Trial Comparing Cetuximab and Cisplatin Combined With Radiation Therapy for Locally Advanced Head and Neck Cancer

Michela Buglione, Marta Maddalo, Renzo Corvò, Luigi Pirtoli, Fabiola Paiar, Luciana Lastrucci, Marco Stefanacci, Liliana Belgioia, Monica Crociani, Stefania Vecchio, Pierluigi Bonomo, Silvia Bertocci, Paolo Borghetti, Nadia Pasinetti, Luca Triggiani, Loredana Costa, Sandro Tonoli, Salvatore Grisanti, Stefano Maria Magrini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose We report a subgroup analysis primarily focused on human papillomavirus (HPV)-related oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) from the Cetuximab Plus Radiotherapy Versus Cisplatin Plus Radiotherapy in Locally Advanced Head and Neck Cancer (CTXMAB+RT; ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT01216020) trial comparing radiation therapy with concomitant cisplatin (CDDP) versus concomitant cetuximab (CTX) as first-line treatment of locally advanced head and neck cancer. Methods and Materials The data from all the patients in the CTXMAB+RT trial were reviewed and separately analyzed in 3 groups: p16-positive OPC, p16-negative OPC, and all other cancer sites. The endpoints of interest were locoregional control (LC), metastasis-free survival, cancer-specific survival (CSS), and overall survival (OS). Severe and fatal infectious complications were also reanalyzed to more thoroughly investigate the association between CTX treatment and potentially life-threatening reactions. Results A total of 33 patients had OPC. The HPV status was available for 30 of the 33 patients. Thus, 3 patients treated with CDDP but with unknown HPV status were excluded from the survival analysis. The small number of patients in each group did not allow for significance to be reached for any of the outcomes analyzed. A trend favored the CDDP arm in the p16-positive group for the 2-year LC and OS/CSS rates (100% vs 72.9% and 100% vs 77.8% for CDDP vs CTX). In this group of patients, the hazard ratio for the treatment arm (CTX vs CDDP) was 4.7 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.5-40.3) for LC, 3.4 (95% CI 0.4-30.5) for OS, and 2.4 for CSS (95% CI 0.2-23.2). A survival benefit favoring the CDDP arm was not evident in the p16-negative OPC group or for patients with cancer located in other sites. Serious or fatal infectious complications occurred only in the CTX arm. Conclusions In patients with p16-positive OPC in the CTXMAB+RT trial, CTX had lower efficacy than CDDP, with possible implications for treatment selection in this clinical setting.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Oct 20 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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