Substantia nigra in Parkinson's disease: A multimodal MRI comparison between early and advanced stages of the disease

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Abstract

This study focused on the substantia nigra (SN) in Parkinson's disease (PD). We measured its area and volume, mean diffusivity (MD), fractional anisotropy (FA) and iron concentration in early and late PD and correlated the values with clinical scores. Twenty-two early PD (EPD), 20 late PD (LPD) and 20 healthy subjects (age 64.7 ± 4.9, 60.5 ± 6.1, and 61 ± 7.2 years, respectively) underwent 1.5 T MR imaging with double-TI-IR T1-weighted, T2*-weighted and diffusion tensor imaging scans. Relative SN area, MD, FA and R2* were measured in ROIs traced on SN. Correlation with Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) scores was assessed. In LPD, the SN area was significantly reduced with respect to EPD (p = 0.04) and control subjects (p <0.001). In EPD, the SN area was also significantly smaller than in controls (p = 0.006). Similarly, the SN volume significantly differed between LPD and controls (p = 0.001) and between EPD and LPD (p = 0.049), while no significant differences were found between controls and EPD. Both SN area (r = 0.47, p = 0.004) and volume (r = 0.46, p = 0.005) correlated with UPDRS scores. At 1.5 T, SN morphological measurements were sensitive to early PD changes and able to track the disease progression, while MD and FA measures and relaxometry did not provide significant results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)753-758
Number of pages6
JournalNeurological Sciences
Volume35
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Substantia Nigra
Parkinson Disease
Anisotropy
Diffusion Tensor Imaging
Disease Progression
Healthy Volunteers
Iron

Keywords

  • Diffusion tensor imaging
  • Inversion recovery
  • Parkinson disease
  • Relaxometry
  • Substantia nigra
  • UPDRS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Dermatology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

@article{36611259e7604d19a6dd149e913116c8,
title = "Substantia nigra in Parkinson's disease: A multimodal MRI comparison between early and advanced stages of the disease",
abstract = "This study focused on the substantia nigra (SN) in Parkinson's disease (PD). We measured its area and volume, mean diffusivity (MD), fractional anisotropy (FA) and iron concentration in early and late PD and correlated the values with clinical scores. Twenty-two early PD (EPD), 20 late PD (LPD) and 20 healthy subjects (age 64.7 ± 4.9, 60.5 ± 6.1, and 61 ± 7.2 years, respectively) underwent 1.5 T MR imaging with double-TI-IR T1-weighted, T2*-weighted and diffusion tensor imaging scans. Relative SN area, MD, FA and R2* were measured in ROIs traced on SN. Correlation with Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) scores was assessed. In LPD, the SN area was significantly reduced with respect to EPD (p = 0.04) and control subjects (p <0.001). In EPD, the SN area was also significantly smaller than in controls (p = 0.006). Similarly, the SN volume significantly differed between LPD and controls (p = 0.001) and between EPD and LPD (p = 0.049), while no significant differences were found between controls and EPD. Both SN area (r = 0.47, p = 0.004) and volume (r = 0.46, p = 0.005) correlated with UPDRS scores. At 1.5 T, SN morphological measurements were sensitive to early PD changes and able to track the disease progression, while MD and FA measures and relaxometry did not provide significant results.",
keywords = "Diffusion tensor imaging, Inversion recovery, Parkinson disease, Relaxometry, Substantia nigra, UPDRS",
author = "Domenico Aquino and Valeria Contarino and Alberto Albanese and Ludovico Minati and Laura Farina and Marina Grisoli and Antonio Elia and Bruzzone, {Maria Grazia} and Luisa Chiapparini",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1007/s10072-013-1595-2",
language = "English",
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pages = "753--758",
journal = "Neurological Sciences",
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T1 - Substantia nigra in Parkinson's disease

T2 - A multimodal MRI comparison between early and advanced stages of the disease

AU - Aquino, Domenico

AU - Contarino, Valeria

AU - Albanese, Alberto

AU - Minati, Ludovico

AU - Farina, Laura

AU - Grisoli, Marina

AU - Elia, Antonio

AU - Bruzzone, Maria Grazia

AU - Chiapparini, Luisa

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - This study focused on the substantia nigra (SN) in Parkinson's disease (PD). We measured its area and volume, mean diffusivity (MD), fractional anisotropy (FA) and iron concentration in early and late PD and correlated the values with clinical scores. Twenty-two early PD (EPD), 20 late PD (LPD) and 20 healthy subjects (age 64.7 ± 4.9, 60.5 ± 6.1, and 61 ± 7.2 years, respectively) underwent 1.5 T MR imaging with double-TI-IR T1-weighted, T2*-weighted and diffusion tensor imaging scans. Relative SN area, MD, FA and R2* were measured in ROIs traced on SN. Correlation with Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) scores was assessed. In LPD, the SN area was significantly reduced with respect to EPD (p = 0.04) and control subjects (p <0.001). In EPD, the SN area was also significantly smaller than in controls (p = 0.006). Similarly, the SN volume significantly differed between LPD and controls (p = 0.001) and between EPD and LPD (p = 0.049), while no significant differences were found between controls and EPD. Both SN area (r = 0.47, p = 0.004) and volume (r = 0.46, p = 0.005) correlated with UPDRS scores. At 1.5 T, SN morphological measurements were sensitive to early PD changes and able to track the disease progression, while MD and FA measures and relaxometry did not provide significant results.

AB - This study focused on the substantia nigra (SN) in Parkinson's disease (PD). We measured its area and volume, mean diffusivity (MD), fractional anisotropy (FA) and iron concentration in early and late PD and correlated the values with clinical scores. Twenty-two early PD (EPD), 20 late PD (LPD) and 20 healthy subjects (age 64.7 ± 4.9, 60.5 ± 6.1, and 61 ± 7.2 years, respectively) underwent 1.5 T MR imaging with double-TI-IR T1-weighted, T2*-weighted and diffusion tensor imaging scans. Relative SN area, MD, FA and R2* were measured in ROIs traced on SN. Correlation with Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) scores was assessed. In LPD, the SN area was significantly reduced with respect to EPD (p = 0.04) and control subjects (p <0.001). In EPD, the SN area was also significantly smaller than in controls (p = 0.006). Similarly, the SN volume significantly differed between LPD and controls (p = 0.001) and between EPD and LPD (p = 0.049), while no significant differences were found between controls and EPD. Both SN area (r = 0.47, p = 0.004) and volume (r = 0.46, p = 0.005) correlated with UPDRS scores. At 1.5 T, SN morphological measurements were sensitive to early PD changes and able to track the disease progression, while MD and FA measures and relaxometry did not provide significant results.

KW - Diffusion tensor imaging

KW - Inversion recovery

KW - Parkinson disease

KW - Relaxometry

KW - Substantia nigra

KW - UPDRS

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JO - Neurological Sciences

JF - Neurological Sciences

SN - 1590-1874

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