Background: Celiac artery aneurysm (CAA) is an infrequent aneurysm of the celiac visceral branch and is potentially life-threatening, mainly due to the risk of rupture. CAA is often diagnosed following rupture and rarely diagnosed secondary to a primary manifestation; obstructive jaundice is extremely rare and poorly described. This clinical case report reports a combined endovascular and endoscopic noninvasive treatment. Methods: A 51-year old male was admitted to the emergency department at the Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova in Reggio Emilia following several days of jaundice. The patient did not have any history of abdominal trauma, chronic pancreatitis, bile duct calculus or alcohol abuse. Cholestatic impairment was demonstrated by blood analyses and abdominal ultrasound revealed a large cephalo-pancreatic mass. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) showed a 40 mm CAA, causing a common bile duct (CBD) compression and dilatation of the hepatic bile ducts. After a multidisciplinary team consultation, a noninvasive, combined endovascular and endoscopic approach was programmed in a hybrid room. Results: Immediate results confirmed successful exclusion of the CAA, stent graft patency and the absence of endoleak with correct positioning of a plastic stent in the CBD. At 1 month, an abdominal CT-angiography (CTA) evidenced a type II endoleak, successfully treated with an endovascular secondary procedure and an asymptomatic, partial downward dislodgement of the plastic stent in the CBD was correct with the positioning of 2 plastic stents. At 3-months cholangiography showed no dilation of intraepatic biliary ducts. Conclusions: Symptomatic CAA with common bile duct compression could be amenable to a combined endovascular and endoscopic noninvasive treatment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine