Successful primary staple-repair of thoracic oesophagus after delayed presentation of a spontaneous perforation

Giacomo Leoncini, Luca Novello, Andrea Denegri, Lucia Morelli, Giovanni B. Ratto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction Spontaneous perforation of the oesophagus is diagnosed late in over 50% of cases. Misdiagnosis may be due to atypical presentations. Primary repair is technically demanding in this setting and the risk of failure is high. Presentation of case An 85 year-old lady presented with an atypical cohort of mild nonspecific symptoms in spite of a pleuro-mediastinal purulent collection secondary to an undiagnosed spontaneous perforation of the oesophagus occurred seven days before. Despite the extent of perforation (3 cm in length), the late diagnosis and the necrosis of the muscular wall, the oesophagus was successfully repaired by means of a stapler. Discussion The mechanism of the atypical presentation is discussed and possible modalities of treatment of delayed oesophageal perforations are reviewed, with particular reference to primary repair and to the possible use of staplers within this setting. Conclusion Even large spontaneous perforations of the oesophagus can result in a contained abscess, with no frank sepsis. Diagnosis can be missed for days in these cases. The attempt at primary repair of the oesophagus is still indicated. The use of a stapler is preferable in such cases as a perfect mucosal approximation is provided with minimal manipulation and with the use of inert, well tolerated material, which does not tend to become infected.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-171
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Volume14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 17 2015

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Esophagus
Thorax
Esophageal Perforation
Delayed Diagnosis
Diagnostic Errors
Abscess
Sepsis
Necrosis
Spontaneous Perforation
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Boerhaave's syndrome
  • Primary repair
  • Stapler

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Successful primary staple-repair of thoracic oesophagus after delayed presentation of a spontaneous perforation. / Leoncini, Giacomo; Novello, Luca; Denegri, Andrea; Morelli, Lucia; Ratto, Giovanni B.

In: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports, Vol. 14, 17.08.2015, p. 167-171.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Leoncini, Giacomo ; Novello, Luca ; Denegri, Andrea ; Morelli, Lucia ; Ratto, Giovanni B. / Successful primary staple-repair of thoracic oesophagus after delayed presentation of a spontaneous perforation. In: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports. 2015 ; Vol. 14. pp. 167-171.
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