Suicidal behaviour in nursing homes: A survey in a region of North-East Italy

Paolo Scocco, Monica Rapattoni, Giovanna Fantoni, Maurizia Galuppo, Francesca De Biasi, Giovanni de Girolamo, Luigi Pavan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To assess suicide and attempted suicide (AS) rates and their characteristics among older residents in Nursing Homes (NHs) of the Veneto region, in the North-East of Italy. Method: The complete list of NHs was provided by the Regional Department of Health. Structured interviews were completed with NH managers, inquiring about NH, staff and management characteristics, mental health care available and the number of completed and attempted suicides (AS) in 2001 made by residents older than 65 years, occurring either inside or outside NHs. All facilities which reported suicidal events were asked additional information. Results: In the study period, five completed suicides and eight AS were reported, i.e. a rate of 18.6/100000 and of 29.7/100 000 respectively. All but one suicides and one AS had a history of mental disorders. Seven subjects had been living in a NH for less than one year. There were no significant differences in the frequency of suicidal events between the facilities which employed or did not employ mental health workers. Conclusion: The suicide rate found in this facility sample is much higher than the rate reported by the Italian National Statistic Institute for the over-65-year-old population of the Veneto Region in 2001, and is similar to the rate reported in a previous study conducted in another country. In Veneto NHs behavioural control of residents, lack of access to a variety of means used for suicidal purposes and medical supervision does not seem to have protected the NH population from suicidal risks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-311
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2006

Keywords

  • Attempted suicide
  • Elderly
  • Nursing home
  • Suicide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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