Suicide attempts in schizophrenic patients: Clinical variables

M. C. Mauri, S. Paletta, M. Maffini, D. Moliterno, A. C. Altamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Schizophrenia is associated with a significant risk of suicide: 40-50% of schizophrenic patients report suicidal ideation at some point in their lives, and 4-13% eventually commit suicide. In order to be able to predict and prevent suicide in schizophrenic patients, it is necessary to investigate and characterise suicide victims who meet the criteria for psychotic disorders and risk factors. Methods: The aim of this retrospective study was to verify the associations between suicide attempts (SAs) and the demographic and clinical variables of 106 patients who met the DSM-IV-TR criteria for schizophrenia.The patients were divided into two groups on the basis of the presence/absence of lifetime suicide attempts, and their main demographic and clinical characteristics were analysed and compared. Results: The patients with a history of SAs frequently had a duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) of ≥1 year (chi-squared test= 9.984, df= 1, p= 0.0016). They also showed significant associations with the presence of a depressive dimension (chi-squared test= 4.439, df= 1, p= 0.0351), hospitalisations before SAs (chi-squared test= 25.515, df= 1, p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)421-427
Number of pages7
JournalAsian Journal of Psychiatry
Volume6
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2013

Keywords

  • Pharmacological treatment
  • Risk factors
  • Schizophrenia
  • Suicide attempts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Psychology(all)

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