Background: The dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) is a key network hub for cognitive control and environmental adaptation. Previous studies have shown that task-based functional activity in this area is constrained by individual differences in sulcal pattern, a morphologic feature of cortex anatomy determined during fetal life and stable throughout development. Methods: By using anatomical magnetic resonance imaging and seed-based resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC), we explored the influence of sulcal pattern variability on the functional architecture of the dACC in a sample of healthy adults aged 20-80 years (n = 173). Results: Overall, rsFC was associated with individual differences in sulcal pattern. Furthermore, rsFC was modulated by the age-sulcal pattern interaction. Conclusion: Our results suggest a relationship between brain structure and function that partly traces back to early stages of brain development. The modulation of rsFC by the age-sulcal pattern interaction indicates that the effects of sulcal pattern variability on the functional architecture of the dACC may change over adulthood, with potential repercussions for brain network efficiency and cognitive function in aging.
- anterior cingulate cortex
- cortical morphology
- paracingulate sulcus
- resting-state functional connectivity
- structure-function relationship
- sulcal pattern
ASJC Scopus subject areas