Sulfatides have been established recently as ligands for L-selectin, and we investigated whether they trigger transmembrane signals through ligation of L-selectin. We found that sulfatides trigger the increase of cytosolic free calcium in neutrophils and that this effect was strictly dependent on sulfation of the galactose ring, as non-sulfated galactocerebrosides were not stimulatory. Chymotrypsin and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate treatment of neutrophils caused shedding of L-selectin, but not of class I major histocompatibility complex antigens or β2 integrins, and blunted the capability of neutrophils to respond to sulfatides with an increase of cytosolic free calcium. Four different anti-L-selectin antibodies (DREG-200, LAM1/3, LAM1/6, and LAM1/10), but not four control antibodies directed against different surface molecules of neutrophils, also triggered an increase of cytosolic free calcium. The anti-L-selectin antibodies were stimulatory both if used in a soluble form, after cross-linking with anti- mouse F(ab') 2 fragments, and immobilized to protein A of Staphylococcus aureus through the Fc fragment. With immobilized antibodies, an increase of cytosolic free calcium was found also by plating neutrophils on antibodies bound to protein A-coated coverslips and monitoring the increase of cytosolic free calcium by fluorescence microscopy. Both sulfatides and anti-L-selectin antibody effects were not inhibited by pertussis toxin, thus indicating that a pertussis toxin-sensitive GTP-binding protein was not involved in signal transduction. Sulfatides also triggered an increase of tumor necrosis factor- α and interleukin-8 mRNAs in neutrophils. Also to act as stimuli of cytokine mRNA expression, sulfatides required sulfation of the galactose ring, as non- sulfated galactocerebrosides were not stimulatory, and depended on expression of L-selectin, as shedding of this molecules induced by chymotrypsin blunted their effects. These findings suggest that L-selectin can transduce signals activating selective cell function.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1994|
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