Summary of the Italian inter-society recommendations for radiation protection optimization in interventional radiology

Gaetano Compagnone, Renato Padovani, Maria Antonietta D’Avanzo, Sveva Grande, Francesco Campanella, Antonella Rosi, On behalf of the Italian Working Group on Interventional Radiology

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: A Working Group coordinated by the Italian National Institute of Health (Istituto Superiore di Sanità) and the National Workers Compensation Authority (Istituto Nazionale per l’Assicurazione contro gli Infortuni sul Lavoro, INAIL) and consisting of 11 Italian scientific/professional societies involved in the fluoroscopically guided interventional practices has been established to define recommendations for the optimization of patients and staff radiation protection in interventional radiology. A summary of these recommendations is here reported. Materials and methods: A multidisciplinary approach was used to establish the Working Group by involving radiologists, interventional radiologists, neuroradiologists, interventional cardiologists, occupational health specialists, medical physicists, radiation protection experts, radiographers and nurses. The Group operated as a “Consensus Conference”. Three main topics have been addressed: patient radiation protection (summarized in ten “golden rules”); staff radiation protection (summarized in ten “golden rules”); and education/training of interventional radiology professionals. Results: In the “golden rules”, practical and operational recommendations were provided to help the professionals in optimizing dose delivered to patients and reducing their own exposure. Operative indications dealt also with continuing education and training, and recommendations on professional accreditation and certification. Conclusions: The “Consensus Conference” was the methodology adopted for the development of these recommendations. Involvement of all professionals is a winning approach to improve practical implementation of the recommendations, thus getting a real impact on the optimization of the interventional radiology practices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)378-384
Number of pages7
JournalRadiologia Medica
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2018


  • Interventional radiology
  • Optimization
  • Patient dose
  • Radiation protection
  • Staff dose

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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